“No person except a natural born citizen, or a citizen of the United States, at the time of the adoption of this Constitution, shall be eligible to the office of President…” U.S. Const. art. II, § 1, cl 5.
Two circumstances are enumerated, each specifying the requirements applicable in that circumstance.
The circumstances are “at the time of the adoption of this Constitution”, and “all other times”.
The requirements applicable in each circumstance are “citizen” and “natural born citizen”, respectively.
Citizens are added to the United States by naturalization and by birth in the United States. The 14th Amendment defined “all persons born or naturalized in the United States, and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States and of the State wherein they reside”.
Art. I, § 8, cl. 4 delegates to Congress the power to “establish a uniform Rule of Naturalization”.
Legislation enabling Art. I…
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